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BS in Biology
(60–67 hours*)


The Discipline

The biology degree provides students with current, practical knowledge of plants and animals, emphasizing whole organism biology in both ecological and evolutionary contexts. Broad, synthetic training, from molecular to community levels of organization, equips students to address critical issues and contemporary biological problems associated with the long-term preservation of earth's biodiversity. Elective flexibility allows students to emphasize the botanical or zoological fields, or create a combined program of study. Undergraduate research opportunities may include internships, museum collections curation, bioinventory and data-basing activities, applied molecular genetics, and field and laboratory research in ecology, conservation biology, or evolutionary biology.

Program Requirements    |    View MAP   |    View Program Outcomes

  1. Complete the following:
      BIO 130 : Biology. (4:3:1)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter
      DESCRIPTION: General biology course with laboratory for biology majors. Introduction to disciplines in the life sciences including methods for scientific inquiry, biochemical dynamics, cell structure and function, evolutionary theory, bioenergetics, and ecological interactions.

      Course Outcomes


      BIO 220A : Biological Diversity: Animals. (4:3:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      BIO 220A : Biological Diversity: Animals. (4:3:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter
      PREREQUISITE: PDBIO 120; or BIO 130
      DESCRIPTION: Comparative organization and evolutionary significance of morphological, physiological, reproductive, and ecological differences in invertebrates and vertebrates. Laboratory included.

      Course Outcomes


      BIO 220B : Biological Diversity: Plants. (4:3:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      BIO 220B : Biological Diversity: Plants. (4:3:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter
      PREREQUISITE: PDBIO 120; or BIO 130
      DESCRIPTION: Comparative organization and evolutionary significance of morphological, physiological, reproductive, and ecological differences in fungi, algae, and principal groups of land plants. Laboratory included.

      Course Outcomes


      BIO 350 : Ecology. (3:3:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring
      PREREQUISITE: PDBIO 120; or BIO 130
      DESCRIPTION: Distribution and abundance of organisms and their interactions with the physical and biotic components of the earth.

      Course Outcomes


      BIO 420 : Evolutionary Biology. (2:2:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      BIO 420 : Evolutionary Biology. (2:2:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring
      PREREQUISITE: MMBIO 240 & PWS 340
      RECOMMENDED: Concurrent enrollment in Bio 421.
      DESCRIPTION: Intensive examination of evolution as the conceptual cornerstone of biology.

      Course Outcomes


      BIO 421 : Evolutionary Biology Laboratory. (1:0:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      BIO 421 : Evolutionary Biology Laboratory. (1:0:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring
      PREREQUISITE: MMBIO 240
      DESCRIPTION: Hands-on applications and analytical tools of evolutionary biology; emphasizing inference methodology and evidence complementing the theoretical constructs introduced in Bio 520, including comparative anatomy, phylogenetic inference, population genetics, species concepts, and human evolution.
      NOTE: Concurrent enrollment with Bio 420 is strongly recommended.

      Course Outcomes


      MMBIO 240 : Molecular Biology. (3:3:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      MMBIO 240 : Molecular Biology. (3:3:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring
      PREREQUISITE: BIO 130 & CHEM 105; or PDBIO 120 & CHEM 105; or MMBIO 151 & CHEM 105
      DESCRIPTION: Fundamentals of protein and nucleic acid structure and their function in the context of the classical experiments that have informed our current models of biology at the molecular level.
      NOTE: Chem 105 and Chem 111 can also fulfill the prerequisite requirement; contact advisor.

      Course Outcomes


      PWS 340 : Genetics. (3:3:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
      WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter
      PREREQUISITE: MMBIO 240; or CHEM 481M; or CHEM 481
      DESCRIPTION: Genetic mechanisms, their fundamental nature, interactions, and applications to human affairs. Genetics in quantitative terms. Extensive practice in problem solving.

      Course Outcomes


  2. Complete one course from the following:
  3. Complete one of the following options:
    1. Complete the following:
        CHEM 105 : General College Chemistry. (4:5:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 105 : General College Chemistry. (4:5:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring; Summer
        PREREQUISITE: Math 110 (or equivalent) or concurrent enrollment.
        DESCRIPTION: Atomic and molecular structure including bonding and periodic properties of the elements; reaction energetics, electrochemistry, acids and bases, inorganic and organic chemistry.
        NOTE: Primarily for students in engineering and biological sciences. Three lectures and two recitation sections per week.

        Course Outcomes


        CHEM 106 : General College Chemistry. (3:4:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 106 : General College Chemistry. (3:4:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Summer
        PREREQUISITE: CHEM 105; or CHEM 111
        DESCRIPTION: Continuation of Chem 105 but covering most of the topics in a more quantitative way. Detailed treatment of thermodynamics and equilibria.
        NOTE: Three lectures and one recitation section per week.

        Course Outcomes


        CHEM 107 : General College Chemistry Laboratory. (1:0:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 107 : General College Chemistry Laboratory. (1:0:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring; Summer
        PREREQUISITE: Chem 106 or Chem 112 or concurrent enrollment.
        DESCRIPTION: Chemical properties, chemical reactions, collection and interpretation of data, preparation of reports.
        NOTE: Required for most students needing one year of general chemistry.

        Course Outcomes


        CHEM 285 : Introductory Bio-organic Chemistry. (4:4:1)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 285 : Introductory Bio-organic Chemistry. (4:4:1)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring
        PREREQUISITE: Chem 101 or equivalent.
        DESCRIPTION: Principles of organic chemistry and biochemistry relating to biomolecule structure and function.

        Course Outcomes


    2. Complete the following:
        CHEM 105 : General College Chemistry. (4:5:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 105 : General College Chemistry. (4:5:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring; Summer
        PREREQUISITE: Math 110 (or equivalent) or concurrent enrollment.
        DESCRIPTION: Atomic and molecular structure including bonding and periodic properties of the elements; reaction energetics, electrochemistry, acids and bases, inorganic and organic chemistry.
        NOTE: Primarily for students in engineering and biological sciences. Three lectures and two recitation sections per week.

        Course Outcomes


        CHEM 106 : General College Chemistry. (3:4:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 106 : General College Chemistry. (3:4:0)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Summer
        PREREQUISITE: CHEM 105; or CHEM 111
        DESCRIPTION: Continuation of Chem 105 but covering most of the topics in a more quantitative way. Detailed treatment of thermodynamics and equilibria.
        NOTE: Three lectures and one recitation section per week.

        Course Outcomes


        CHEM 107 : General College Chemistry Laboratory. (1:0:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 107 : General College Chemistry Laboratory. (1:0:3)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring; Summer
        PREREQUISITE: Chem 106 or Chem 112 or concurrent enrollment.
        DESCRIPTION: Chemical properties, chemical reactions, collection and interpretation of data, preparation of reports.
        NOTE: Required for most students needing one year of general chemistry.

        Course Outcomes


        CHEM 351 : Organic Chemistry. (3:3:1)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 351 : Organic Chemistry. (3:3:1)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring
        PREREQUISITE: CHEM 105; or CHEM 111
        DESCRIPTION: Chemical bonds and molecular structure, conformation and configuration, functional classes, reactions and mechanisms, syntheses.
        NOTE: Primarily for majors in chemical engineering and the biological sciences.

        Course Outcomes


        CHEM 352 : Organic Chemistry. (3:3:1)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 352 : Organic Chemistry. (3:3:1)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring; Summer
        PREREQUISITE: CHEM 351; or CHEM 351M
        DESCRIPTION: Continuation of Chem 351.

        Course Outcomes


        CHEM 353 : Organic Chemistry Laboratory--Nonmajors. (1-2:0:6)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        CHEM 353 : Organic Chemistry Laboratory--Nonmajors. (1-2:0:6)(Credit Hours:Lecture Hours:Lab Hours)
        WHEN TAUGHT:Fall; Winter; Spring; Summer
        PREREQUISITE: Chem 352 or Chem 352M or concurrent enrollment (preferred).
        DESCRIPTION: Physical and chemical properties, isolation and purification, characterization, syntheses.
        NOTE: For predentistry, premedicine, and other majors who do not intend to take Chem 455.

        Course Outcomes


  4. Complete one of the following options:

    1. Complete the following:
    2. Complete the following:
  5. Complete 12 hours of electives from the following:

  6. Complete an exit interview.

Recommended Courses for Career Options

Botany

Students seeking career and graduate school opportunities in botanical fields should build their electives on a foundation of basic plant biology courses. Coupled with the broad integrative biology core, the following courses provide students with the greatest diversity of options for postgraduate work or training in plant biology:

Bio 430, 455, 475, 510, 511, 512.

PWS 282, 283, 355, 440, 515.

Students completing Bio 430 and PWS 330 and 355 often find summer employment opportunities with government land agencies.

Preveterinary Medicine

Beverly L. Roeder, Advisor
386 WIDB (801) 422-6873

Students interested in applying to veterinary medicine schools should take the following courses as part of the biology major:

 

*Hours include courses that may fulfill university core requirements.



Show all Biology (Bio) Courses